Guinea Pig Breeds, Colors and Patterns (With Pictures) The Pet Savvy
Guinea Pig Breeds, Colors and Patterns (With Pictures) The Pet Savvy from


Guinea pigs are adorable little creatures that make great pets. They come in a variety of breeds and colors, each with its own unique characteristics. In this article, we will explore the different guinea pig breeds and colors, and provide some tips on how to choose the best one for you.

Guinea Pig Breeds

There are several different guinea pig breeds, each with its own distinct features. Here are some of the most popular guinea pig breeds:

American Guinea Pig

The American guinea pig is one of the most common breeds. It has short, smooth fur and a rounded body shape. These guinea pigs are known for their friendly and docile nature, making them great pets for families.

Abyssinian Guinea Pig

The Abyssinian guinea pig is easily recognized by its unique coat. It has short, rough fur with multiple rosettes or whorls all over its body. These guinea pigs are energetic and playful, and they require regular grooming to keep their fur looking its best.

Peruvian Guinea Pig

The Peruvian guinea pig has the longest hair of all guinea pig breeds. Their hair can grow up to 20 inches long and requires regular grooming to prevent matting. These guinea pigs are known for their calm and gentle nature but require a lot of maintenance due to their long hair.

Teddy Guinea Pig

The Teddy guinea pig has a dense and wiry coat that resembles a teddy bear. They have a rounded body shape and a friendly and outgoing personality. These guinea pigs are great for families and are known for their cuddly nature.

Sheltie Guinea Pig

The Sheltie guinea pig, also known as the Silkie guinea pig, has long and silky hair that flows down its body. They require regular grooming to keep their hair looking its best. These guinea pigs are known for being gentle and friendly, making them great pets for children.

Guinea Pig Colors

Guinea pigs come in a wide range of colors, from solid to multi-colored. Here are some of the most common guinea pig colors:


White guinea pigs have a pure white coat with pink skin and red or pink eyes. They are known for their elegant and clean appearance.


Black guinea pigs have a solid black coat, and their eyes can be either dark or ruby red. They are sleek and beautiful in appearance.


Chocolate guinea pigs have a rich brown coat that resembles the color of chocolate. They can have either dark or ruby red eyes.

Golden Agouti

Golden Agouti guinea pigs have a coat that is a combination of black, gold, and brown hairs. They have a unique and eye-catching appearance.


Tortoiseshell guinea pigs have a coat that is a mix of black, red, and cream colors. They have a beautiful and vibrant coat.

Tips for Choosing the Right Guinea Pig

When choosing a guinea pig, there are a few things to consider to ensure you find the perfect match for you and your family:


Consider the temperament of the guinea pig. Some breeds are naturally more outgoing and friendly, while others are more shy and reserved. Choose a guinea pig that matches your desired level of interaction.


Consider the maintenance requirements of the guinea pig. Some breeds have long hair that requires regular grooming, while others have short hair that is easier to maintain. Choose a guinea pig that fits your lifestyle and grooming abilities.


Consider the appearance of the guinea pig. Some people prefer certain colors or coat patterns, so choose a guinea pig that you find visually appealing.


If you already have other pets, consider the compatibility of the guinea pig with them. Some guinea pigs may get along well with other animals, while others may not.

Breeder or Shelter

Decide whether you want to get a guinea pig from a breeder or adopt one from a shelter. Both options have their advantages, so research and choose the best option for you.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Q: How long do guinea pigs live?

A: On average, guinea pigs live for around 5 to 7 years. However, with proper care, they can live up to 8 years or more.

Q: Do guinea pigs need a companion?

A: Guinea pigs are social animals and thrive when they have a companion. It is recommended to have at least two guinea pigs to keep each other company.

Q: Can guinea pigs be potty trained?

A: Yes, guinea pigs can be potty trained to some extent. They naturally choose a specific corner of their cage to use as a bathroom, making it easier to clean up after them.

Q: What should I feed my guinea pig?

A: Guinea pigs require a diet that consists mainly of fresh hay, vegetables, and pellets specifically made for guinea pigs. They should also have access to fresh water at all times.

Q: Can guinea pigs be kept outdoors?

A: Guinea pigs are sensitive to extreme temperatures, so it is not recommended to keep them outdoors all year round. They are best kept indoors in a suitable cage or enclosure.

Q: How often should I clean my guinea pig’s cage?

A: Guinea pig cages should be cleaned at least once a week. This involves removing any soiled bedding, wiping down the cage, and replacing the bedding with fresh material.

Q: Can guinea pigs be trained to do tricks?

A: While guinea pigs are not as trainable as dogs, they can learn some basic tricks with patience and positive reinforcement. For example, they can be taught to come when called or to jump over small obstacles.

Q: Do guinea pigs need exercise?

A: Yes, guinea pigs need regular exercise to stay healthy and prevent obesity. They should have access to a safe and secure area outside of their cage to run and explore.

Q: How often should I groom my guinea pig?

A: The grooming requirements of guinea pigs vary depending on their breed and coat length. Long-haired guinea pigs, like the Peruvian or Sheltie, require daily grooming to prevent matting. Short-haired guinea pigs can be groomed once a week.

Q: Are guinea pigs good pets for children?

A: Guinea pigs can make great pets for children, but adult supervision is always recommended. Children should be taught how to handle and care for guinea pigs properly to ensure their well-being.


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